Mathematics has always accompanied human beings. Even in the most distant times, counting was considered a mathematical activity. It was simply necessary for trade or livestock raising. To make it easier to count the cattle, fingers and toes were used. This is confirmed by rock paintings depicting numbers in the form of several fingers shown in a row.
The most ancient mathematical documents are the household records of the Babylonians. They were made six thousand years B.C. Two thousand years later, in the Babylonian cuneiform tables, we find not only calculations associated with commercial transactions or household expenses, but also real maths problems. The heyday of Babylonian mathematics is the era of the Samurai. Here, we see complex algebraic operations, including quadratic and cubic equations.
The further development of mathematics took place thanks to the Egyptians approximately 3000 years BC. The simplest arithmetic was necessary when exchanging money, paying for goods, or calculating taxes. For construction, it was necessary to solve geometric and arithmetic problems. Another important task was the calendar, which had to be calculated to determine the timing of work, as well as holidays.
However, the first person who laid the foundations of mathematics as a science is the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras. He founded the school of the Pythagoreans, created a method for constructing polygons and the principle of multiplying natural numbers – the Pythagorean table.